Births and deaths


The number of babies being born is one of the main factors which will increase an area’s population size. The number of deaths is one of the main factors which reduce an areas population. Births minus deaths are described as the ‘natural change’ in a population.

Key inequalities and risk factors

Mortality rates are higher and life expectancy is lower in more deprived areas (areas considered to have a lack of resources and opportunities) when compared to the least deprived.

Facts, figures and trends


Office for National Statistics data shows there was a decrease in live births of 0.5% in England and Wales between 2013 and 2014. The still birth rate remained the same at 4.7 per 1,000 births. The average age of mothers continues to increase year on year from 30.0 in 2013 to 30.2 years in 2014. Over a quarter of live births were to mothers born outside the UK (a small increase since 2013).

Health and Social Care Information Data on live births in hospitals (accessed 20 April 2016) shows that there were a total of 1,510 live births in Bracknell Forest in 2014 (up from 1,468 in 2013). Of these, 1,456 of these took place in NHS hospitals, 1 in non-NHS hospitals, 49 at home and 4 elsewhere.

% live births in hospital, 2014

Source: Office for National Statistics, Live Births in Hospitals (accessed 20 April 2016)

The total fertility rate (TFR) in England and Wales (the average number of children born per woman in her lifetime) decreased to 1.83 children in 2014 from 1.85 children in 2013. The 2014 TFR in Bracknell Forest is 1.85.

Total fertility rates 2012-2014


Office for National Statistics data (accessed 24 May 2016) shows there were 501,424 deaths registered in England and Wales in 2014, compared with 506,790 in 2013 (a fall of 1.1%).

In England and Wales, there were 11,213 deaths registered per million population for males and 8,219 deaths per million population for females in 2014.

In 2012, the death rate in Bracknell Forest was 9% lower than expected, in 2013 the death rate was 15% lower  than expected and in  2014 it was 18%  lower which shows that deaths in Bracknell Forest are falling faster than they are in England, Wales and elsewhere.

Want to know more?

Further analysis of key maternity variable with age and ethnicity would be beneficial to further inform planning, for example, in Equality Impact Assessments.

Continuation of early intervention and prevention work in all areas of health and social care.

Infant Mortality Profiles (Public Health England) – The Infant Mortality and Stillbirths Profiles for local authorities and clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) show performance against a range of indicators allowing you to make comparisons locally and nationally and summaries national policy and trends

Child Health Profile 2016 – Outlines a snapshot of child health including birth rates, mortality, obesity, child development, mental health, immunisation, pregnancy rates, sexual health, etc.

This page was last updated on 25 May 2016.

Cite this page:

Bracknell Forest Council. (2016). JSNA – Births and Deaths. Available at: dd Mmmm yyyy)

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